Its flowers, generally purplish but sometimes white, appear between June and October. Salads of Lamb's lettuce, also called corn salad, were made at the end of winter; oxalis blooms in the woods and was eaten raw; burdock, nettle and orache filled the pots with free and delicious porry, and if need be, people would do with ferns of the asplenium scolopendrium species, with young wild asparagus sprouts or butcher's broom, with different kinds of (water or land) cress, with buttercups and even with bouchibarbe, a food for dearth, so hazardous for the empty stomachs. A list of Medicinal Plants and Herbs and their uses. A fun, historical read about many of the medicinal plants that are so popular today. They express, in this sense, a more hidden part of the Medieval civilisation, as light as the aroma of acinos, but just as fascinating for who stops to it. His garden was a kitchen garden—a space protected by the monastery’s walls, inside which he grew vegetables, spices, and medicinal herbs, tending his plants with great care. Take care when handling the plant – its sap can be a strong irritant. After the fall of the Roman Empire, Europe entered the Dark Ages. Ancient Egypt. Nov 29, 2016 - Explore Zoe-Lynn Horspool's board "Medieval Herbs" on Pinterest. This was the Age of Faith, and faith was contrary to knowledge and reason. Gardens dedicated to medicinal herbs alone were quite rare in medieval times, except in large institutions like monasteries, for example Rievaulx Abbey in Yorkshire (pictured), where there were lots of people to care for. Some herbs, such as anise (aniseed), borage (photo above) and chamomile were grown for their taste in cooking and for their medicinal properties when digested. They heal and comfort with their sole flagrance, that expresses the forces of the earth (in the same way as the forces of the heavens are expressed in birds). All forms of science and learning, including medicine, retrogressed. But aromas were far from being the only advantages found in modest garden plants. Tansies are among the tall plants that grow spontaneously over and over again, year after year, without any particular care. Surprisingly, the recipes are essentially about parsley. More than 25 published studies looked at how well Echinacea worked to prevent or shorten the course of a cold, but none were conclusive. As with any medicinal herb, talk with your healthcare provider before taking it. Clary sage (Salvia sclarea) by H. Zell (Own work) CC BY-SA 3.0. You can recognise rue plants by their bushy, bluish-green, fernlike leaves ,and yellow flowers with wavy edges and green hearts. A monastery’s infirmary herb garden grew specialist plants that were used in medieval medicine to help the body heal itself. Apium or wild celery and lovage, grew their large leaves into jagged clumps within the gardens. Lion's tail also being a common name for Leonotis leonurus, and lion's ear, a common name for Leonotis nepetifolia. Translator: Jean-Marc Bulit, Initiation à la cuisine médiévale - Top of page -. Depending on the variety, betony grows between 25cm and 90cm tall. Plants cultivated in the summer months had to be harvested and stored for the winter. When rubbed with the hands, the jagged leaves, whether flat or shrivelled, will give off this particularly vigorous and unpleasant odour. with an egg and stock added, about purées with parsley and other herbs, and about green omelettes or arboulastes (herbolace pies). These deficiencies were partially compensated by the green herbs and the vitamins they provided. It’s a very tough plant, sometimes grown in ‘chamomile lawns’ — which take a lot of work to establish. ... and more than 130 of the medicinal plants in the Old English Herbarium are still used. Green herbs Close up the sweet bags and tuck them in the linens and clothes. Site Info . The wrinkling of the leaves would issue a rich and powerful scent. Sage, whose first botanical name comes from the Latin salveo, meaning “I am well” , was used by the Romans in medicine and cooking. Aromatic herbs It comes from a 'wise-woman', Morgan le Fay, rather than a doctor, and has probably been made from herbs, like most medicine of the time. the aromatic herbs used in the Middle Ages were, above all, characterized by a pungent flavour, a necessity, actually, to successfully season a pot of cabbage. About ... Spearmint was the original medicinal mint and was used to aid in digestion and the treatment of gout. As mentioned earlier, gardening in medieval times was not widely documented at the ti… Comfrey needs rich, moist, alkaline soil and generally prefers shady areas. Medicines in the medieval period were sometimes homemade, if they weren’t too complicated. If marjoram and oregano were indeed cultivated, in the manner rare flowers can be, wild thyme was never used, for instance. The true spirit of scientific inquiry had died, and was no longer there. Alphabetical list of plants and herbs used to treat diseases in the medieval era, from dandelion to myrrh. Comfrey has a long history of use in medicine, and was grown in infirmary gardens for its power to heal wounds and inflammations and (as its nickname suggests) help to set broken bones. This was once an incredibly popular herb, and used for curing anything and everything you can think of – including a few extras like fear, ‘violent blood’, and ‘chilly need’. Chamomile is said to revive the sickly and drooping plants growing near it. In medieval herb gardens, hyssop was considered a hot purgative. Ancient Egyptian texts are of particular interest due to the language and translation controversies that accompany texts from this era and region.